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A quick guide to customs regulations in Asia

Learn about the latest developments and potential updates on customs regulations to keep your business agile.
01 December 2019 •

The complexity of the customs environment in Asia has proven to be a hurdle for businesses looking to expand across the region.

Customs regimes, regulations, and processes not only vary widely between neighboring countries, but also change with growing frequency as the pace of trade accelerates.

As customs continues to transform throughout the region, businesses should do their best to keep up with changes in markets where they operate or source goods.

Here’s a snapshot at the latest regulations and updates in the following countries as of November 2019:

Australia

To enable digital trade, the government is enhancing customs procedures with services such as paperless trading, electronic authentication, consumer protection, and a review of taxes such as the elimination of customs duties on technological products. They have also updated the GST regulations for merchants, and re-deliverers with sales of A$75,000 (€46,000) or more within a 12-month period.

Australian Border Force

Tel: 131 881 (from within Australia) / +61 2 6196 0196 (from outside Australia)

Bangladesh

The National Board of Revenue has increased the use of e-tracking technology of electronic seal and lock in the transportation of export and import containers to enhance security and prevent duty evasion. The implementation will be applicable to all containers, cargos, covered vans, trucks, railway wagons, cargo vessel hatches, and also involve those in transit between customs ports and stations, export processing, and economic zones.

Bangladesh Customs

E-mail: feedbackcustoms@nbr.gov.id

Cambodia

Cambodia is closing the digital gap by implementing a paperless trade process to promote efficiency, accountability, customs, and legal transparency to 53 members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP). The streamlining of the administrative procedures will allow businesses to garner greater logistical cost-effectiveness and facilitate overall ease of trade.

General Department of Customs and Excise of Cambodia

Tel: +855 23214065

E-mail: info-pru@customs.gov.kh

China

China has released some changes to its custom clearance procedures this year, namely in the China Customs Advanced Manifest (CCAM) submission deadline and documents required for cargo bound for its mainland ports. The government also launched the use of an electronic seal in its online administrative platform to improve customs efficiency.

General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China

Tel: +86 1065 194 114

India

In a bid for continuous improvement, the government has introduced reforms in its trade procedures such as electronic document filing and single-window customs to align with the World Trade Organization’s Trade Facilitation Agreement. Customs duties for goods have also been reviewed for items such as electronics and precious metals such as gold and silver to quell illegal trade.

Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC)

Tel: +91 11 2309 2849

Indonesia

Indonesia has introduced a slew of new regulations and adjustments on tax and goods declaration for imports and exports. The changes are brought upon due to agreements signed with regional countries to facilitate trade. In addition, the government has also stepped up its efforts to protect its resources with restrictions such as a nickel export ban and an anti-dumping import duty on some inbound products from its neighboring countries.

Directorate General of Customs and Excise

Tel: +62 1 500 225

E-mail: info@customs.go.id

Japan

This year, the government has signed trade pacts with major world economies resulting in reduced tariffs and duties on many goods. Both importers and exporters have to undergo tighter food safety regulations especially for beef products, and increased inspection checks to curb the smuggling of ivory and gold.

Japan Customs

E-mail list: http://www.customs.go.jp/question_e.htm

Malaysia

The government has gazetted a round of amendments to its Customs Act in July affecting duties and provisions, customs definitions, goods in transit and transshipment, licensed warehousing, and claims deadline. The nation also imposed stricter regulations on its exports, including a ban of sea sand and updated its guidelines on the illegal logging and timber trade.

Royal Malaysian Customs Department

Tel: 1300 888 500 (Customs Call Centre)

E-mail: ccc@customs.gov.my

Mongolia

Trade facilities at Zamiin-Uud and Gashuunsukhait ports are undergoing significant renovations to expand foreign freight volume capacity as part of the China Belt and Road Initiative. The proposed changes will seek to augment economic, regional logistics development and enhance customs clearance.

Mongolian Customs General Administration

Tel: +976-11-350064

E-mail: icd@customs.gov.mn

Myanmar

Myanmar is reviewing and adjusting tariffs and duties on several imported and exported commodities such as rice, alcohol, and raw materials to increase trade with global economies. The government is also implementing local customs warehousing procedures to keep aligned with global standards such as the introduction of customs warehouses, or bonded warehouses, where goods can be stored without import duties within the country.

Myanmar Customs

Tel: +951 391442

E-mail: mcd.ygn@mptmail.net.mm

New Zealand

The government has made changes to its electronic platform Trade Single Window system for commercial importers and exporters, their agents, freight forwarders, shipping lines, and airlines. New measures such as cargo reporting, clearance messages, acceptance of electronic orders for customs clearance have been updated. An intention to review current customs fees for imported and exported goods has been announced to reflect the actual costs incurred.

New Zealand Customs Service

Tel: +64 9 927 8036

E-mail: communications@customs.govt.nz

Pakistan

Tighter measures and monitoring have been put in place at ports and customs checkpoints to improve shipping security and prevent smuggling, under-invoicing, and the abuse of transit trade services. Terminal operators and off-dock terminals now have to ensure that no import container could proceed to the gate-out clearance stage unless its weight is duly recorded.

Federal Board of Revenue

Tel: +92 51 111 772 772

E-mail: helpline@fbr.gov.pk

Papua New Guinea

Custom Service will implement a new cargo management and clearance system at the Wutung Land Border port opening this year-end. Dubbed the “Supermarket Approach,” this system will facilitate compliance, customs accounting, and the flow of goods. A new policy that includes slight changes to the tariff classification system and GST taxation will be rolled out with this approach.

Papua New Guinea Customs Service

Tel: 312 7500

E-mail: info@customs.gov.pg

Philippines

The Philippines is stepping up measures to curb illegal smuggling of various commodities from sugar, drugs, and counterfeit goods like medicine and cigarettes. One such initiative is the Fuel Marking Program, which places a molecular marker on imported, manufactured, and refined fuel products, namely; gasoline, diesel, and kerosene, to ensure all oil companies comply and pay the correct taxes.

Bureau of Customs

Tel: +632 7056000
(Globe) 0905-299-7977
(Smart) 0929-503-5138

E-mail: boc.cares@customs.gov.ph

Singapore

In 2018, Singapore customs have launched a networked trade platform to streamline processes for traders, logistics service providers, carriers, and banks to perform a range of activities such as cargo freight booking, trade financing, cargo insurance, customs declarations, and payment reconciliation. On a micro-level, the authorities have also been engaging with individual countries to provide customized solutions for their evolving shipping needs.

Singapore Customs

Tel: +65 6355 2000

E-mail: https://www.customs.gov.sg/feedback

South Korea

The government is turning to innovation such as blockchain, artificial intelligence (AI), and drone technology to facilitate ease of customs clearance and foster a safer trade environment. One such implementation is UNI-PASS, an e-customs clearance system developed to improve the cross-border distribution of cargo between administrative and government platforms. Other ongoing projects include piloting AI-based X-ray reading system and big data analysis system to promote transparency of trade procedures.

Korea Customs Service

Tel: 82-2-3438-5199

Sri Lanka

To ease out bottleneck customs clearance procedures, Sri Lanka has made it mandatory by the end of 2019 for importers and exporters to make payment and submit forms and supporting documents with e-signatures digitally. The government is also up-scaling its maritime centers to become a full-fledge global logistics center with a range of shipping services and regulatory reforms to come.

Sri Lanka Customs

Tel: +94 11 222 1333

E-mail: info@customs.gov.lk

Taiwan

The Taiwanese customs have stepped up efforts to strengthen trade and security through a series of measures pertaining to the e-commerce industry and for goods on transit and transshipment. Import requirements for various goods such as plastic, metal, and medical products have also been reviewed to prevent illegal entry, storage, and false customs declaration.

Customs Administration, Ministry of Finance

Tel: 886-2-2550-5500 ext.2116

Thailand

The Thai customs are currently implementing a series of services to facilitate trade movement and management of goods on land and sea. The improvements include the use of blockchain technology for its national trade platform, re-assessing the Customs Act, extending the Pre-Arrival Processing (PAP) service to shippers, and launching an e-coastal platform for trading vessels and port operators.

Thai Customs

Tel: +66-2667-7000

E-mail: prcustoms@gmail.com

Vietnam

The government has plans in the pipeline to re-assess its tax regulations, review its valuation on certain goods, digitalize its customs clearance, and tighten the fraud and security checks in its trade and customs procedures. Businesses who wish to cut compliance costs are now able to apply for priority customs treatment to receive benefits such as the exemption of physical goods inspection, an extended document submission deadline, and faster access to carry out tax formalities.

General Department of Vietnam Customs

Tel: +8424 39440833 (ext: 8613)

E-mail: webmaster@customs.gov.vn

 

To find out more, or for assistance on importing into Asia, please contact our DHL Global Forwarding customs brokerage team.

 

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The complexity of the customs environment in Asia has proven to be a hurdle for businesses looking to expand across the region.

Customs regimes, regulations, and processes not only vary widely between neighboring countries, but also change with growing frequency as the pace of trade accelerates.

As customs continues to transform throughout the region, businesses should do their best to keep up with changes in markets where they operate or source goods.

Here’s a snapshot at the latest regulations and updates in the following countries as of November 2019:

Australia

To enable digital trade, the government is enhancing customs procedures with services such as paperless trading, electronic authentication, consumer protection, and a review of taxes such as the elimination of customs duties on technological products. They have also updated the GST regulations for merchants, and re-deliverers with sales of A$75,000 (€46,000) or more within a 12-month period.

Australian Border Force

Tel: 131 881 (from within Australia) / +61 2 6196 0196 (from outside Australia)

Bangladesh

The National Board of Revenue has increased the use of e-tracking technology of electronic seal and lock in the transportation of export and import containers to enhance security and prevent duty evasion. The implementation will be applicable to all containers, cargos, covered vans, trucks, railway wagons, cargo vessel hatches, and also involve those in transit between customs ports and stations, export processing, and economic zones.

Bangladesh Customs

E-mail: feedbackcustoms@nbr.gov.id

Cambodia

Cambodia is closing the digital gap by implementing a paperless trade process to promote efficiency, accountability, customs, and legal transparency to 53 members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP). The streamlining of the administrative procedures will allow businesses to garner greater logistical cost-effectiveness and facilitate overall ease of trade.

General Department of Customs and Excise of Cambodia

Tel: +855 23214065

E-mail: info-pru@customs.gov.kh

China

China has released some changes to its custom clearance procedures this year, namely in the China Customs Advanced Manifest (CCAM) submission deadline and documents required for cargo bound for its mainland ports. The government also launched the use of an electronic seal in its online administrative platform to improve customs efficiency.

General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China

Tel: +86 1065 194 114

India

In a bid for continuous improvement, the government has introduced reforms in its trade procedures such as electronic document filing and single-window customs to align with the World Trade Organization’s Trade Facilitation Agreement. Customs duties for goods have also been reviewed for items such as electronics and precious metals such as gold and silver to quell illegal trade.

Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC)

Tel: +91 11 2309 2849

Indonesia

Indonesia has introduced a slew of new regulations and adjustments on tax and goods declaration for imports and exports. The changes are brought upon due to agreements signed with regional countries to facilitate trade. In addition, the government has also stepped up its efforts to protect its resources with restrictions such as a nickel export ban and an anti-dumping import duty on some inbound products from its neighboring countries.

Directorate General of Customs and Excise

Tel: +62 1 500 225

E-mail: info@customs.go.id

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To understand how to import goods into Indonesia, refer to this step-by-step guide by our Indonesian customs expert.

Indonesia, the world’s largest archipelago with some 17,000 islands, presents plenty of opportunities for foreign companies looking to tap on the purchasing power of the 250-million strong population.

Despite its potential, the fourth most populous country in the world is known for its complicated import processes and rigid regulatory requirements.

In fact, it lags behind major powers — ranking 73rd — in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index, which indicates an unconducive environment for businesses to operate in.

High logistics costs, complex bureaucratic processes and the uncertain regulatory environment are key factors impeding access into the rapidly emerging market.

To help businesses navigating the complexities of customs brokerage when importing into Indonesia, Yenna Lim, Head of Region – West and North, DHL Global Forwarding Indonesia, shares this basic step-by-step guide on how to approach the importation process into the country.

1. Prepare the list of mandatory import documents

Before the importation process begins, you first need to know the mandatory documents required for any importation into Indonesia. The general import licenses required include the Tax ID and the Single Business Number (NIB).

Other documents include purchase orders, packing lists, commercial invoices, bills of lading (BL), and other licenses or permits that are necessary depending on the respective Harmonized System (HS) Codes.

Examples of additional permits

a) HS code : 9503.00.10 (Tricycles, scooters, pedal cars and similar wheeled toys; dolls’ carriages)

  • Survey report (Applicable for producer/importer) from the Ministry of Trade
  • SNI (Indonesian National Standard) certificate from the Ministry of Trade

b) HS code : 8443.31.91 (Combination printer-copier-scanner-facsimile machines)

  • Survey report for multi-function machines from the Ministry of Trade
  • Import restriction for multi-function machines and color printers from the Ministry of Trade
  • Import restriction for used goods (if applicable) from the Ministry of Trade
  • Survey report for used (if applicable) from the Ministry of Trade

Source: Indonesia National Trade Repository

2. Identify and confirm the HS Codes of the incoming cargo

It is very crucial to know the HS Codes of the cargo that you want to import into Indonesia. “The HS Code is required to assess the acceptance of the cargo itself in Indonesia, and the permits required for importation,” said Lim.

For the uninitiated, the HS Code is a standardized system for classifying goods that are shipped around the world. The individual HS Code of the goods allows customs authorities to immediately evaluate which tariffs and duties, if any, to apply based on the criteria.

Inaccurate reporting can often result in massive fines, seized goods and delayed operations.

3. Know your consignee/importer of record

The consignee or Importer of Record (IOR) is recognized by the relevant authorities as the party responsible for the products being imported into the country.

Their responsibilities include ensuring that all goods are compliant by law, and are appropriately documented and valued.

As the importer of record also oversees the payment of duties, tariffs, and fees related to the import process, companies have to be in direct contact with the importer to anticipate the lead time and the costs involved, shared Lim.

4. Ensure transport schedule visibility to facilitate cargo manifest submission

 In Indonesia, the cargo manifest must be submitted to the customs authorities before the aircraft or vessel berths at its destination, which underscores the importance of having visibility of the shipment schedule.

Indonesia Ministry of Finance regulation no. 158/PMK.04/2017

To facilitate reporting to the Indonesian Customs, the following details need to be included in cargo manifests for shipments to or from Indonesia:

  1. Consignee’s or importer’s Tax ID
  2. Cargo Harmonized System (HS) code

Other important regulations to take note of:

  • Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 17 Tahun 2006
  • Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 28 Tahun 2008
  • Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 39 Tahun 2019

“Any delays might incur significant penalties for the manifest, which is pegged at a minimum US$700 (€641) per document,” explained Lim.

“To avoid these additional costs, it is best for the contracted carriers or the Non-Vessel Owning Common Carrier (NVOCC) to log in to the online customs portal to obtain their manifest before their cargo arrives.”

For shipments with a longer lead time or special import requirements such as those for trade fairs and exhibitions, or temporary imports, importers need to plan the shipping schedule and obtain the necessary permits beforehand to avoid delays to the target delivery date.

5. Ensure all licenses and permits tally with the goods received

All import documents must tally with all import licenses, import tax ID, as well as the permits.

The failure to meet this requirement would likely result in penalties, amendments and, worse still, the possible detainment of cargo.

6. Clarify incoterms to determine buyer-seller responsibilities and calculate duties and taxes

Incoterms — industry-standard rules which define buyer-seller responsibilities for the delivery of goods under sales contracts — are generally used to justify the costs and risks responsibilities of transportation.

Besides that, in the importer declaration, duties and taxes are also calculated depending on the incoterms stated in the documentation.

7. Appoint a fully-compliant logistics partner

Last but not least, appoint a fully-compliant logistics partner to optimize and manage your supply chain with efficiencies in cost- and time-savings.

 

Contact our DHL Global Forwarding customs brokerage team to facilitate your imports into Indonesia today.

[post_title] => A step-by-step guide for importing into Indonesia [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => a-step-by-step-guide-for-importing-into-indonesia [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2022-09-27 23:49:15 [post_modified_gmt] => 2022-09-27 15:49:15 [post_content_filtered] =>

Indonesia, the world’s largest archipelago with some 17,000 islands, presents plenty of opportunities for foreign companies looking to tap on the purchasing power of the 250-million strong population.

Despite its potential, the fourth most populous country in the world is known for its complicated import processes and rigid regulatory requirements.

In fact, it lags behind major powers — ranking 73rd — in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index, which indicates an unconducive environment for businesses to operate in.

High logistics costs, complex bureaucratic processes and the uncertain regulatory environment are key factors impeding access into the rapidly emerging market.

To help businesses navigating the complexities of customs brokerage when importing into Indonesia, Yenna Lim, Head of Region – West and North, DHL Global Forwarding Indonesia, shares this basic step-by-step guide on how to approach the importation process into the country.

1. Prepare the list of mandatory import documents

Before the importation process begins, you first need to know the mandatory documents required for any importation into Indonesia. The general import licenses required include the Tax ID and the Single Business Number (NIB).

Other documents include purchase orders, packing lists, commercial invoices, bills of lading (BL), and other licenses or permits that are necessary depending on the respective Harmonized System (HS) Codes.

Examples of additional permits

a) HS code : 9503.00.10 (Tricycles, scooters, pedal cars and similar wheeled toys; dolls’ carriages)

  • Survey report (Applicable for producer/importer) from the Ministry of Trade
  • SNI (Indonesian National Standard) certificate from the Ministry of Trade

b) HS code : 8443.31.91 (Combination printer-copier-scanner-facsimile machines)

  • Survey report for multi-function machines from the Ministry of Trade
  • Import restriction for multi-function machines and color printers from the Ministry of Trade
  • Import restriction for used goods (if applicable) from the Ministry of Trade
  • Survey report for used (if applicable) from the Ministry of Trade

Source: Indonesia National Trade Repository

2. Identify and confirm the HS Codes of the incoming cargo

It is very crucial to know the HS Codes of the cargo that you want to import into Indonesia. “The HS Code is required to assess the acceptance of the cargo itself in Indonesia, and the permits required for importation,” said Lim.

For the uninitiated, the HS Code is a standardized system for classifying goods that are shipped around the world. The individual HS Code of the goods allows customs authorities to immediately evaluate which tariffs and duties, if any, to apply based on the criteria.

Inaccurate reporting can often result in massive fines, seized goods and delayed operations.

3. Know your consignee/importer of record

The consignee or Importer of Record (IOR) is recognized by the relevant authorities as the party responsible for the products being imported into the country.

Their responsibilities include ensuring that all goods are compliant by law, and are appropriately documented and valued.

As the importer of record also oversees the payment of duties, tariffs, and fees related to the import process, companies have to be in direct contact with the importer to anticipate the lead time and the costs involved, shared Lim.

4. Ensure transport schedule visibility to facilitate cargo manifest submission

 In Indonesia, the cargo manifest must be submitted to the customs authorities before the aircraft or vessel berths at its destination, which underscores the importance of having visibility of the shipment schedule.

Indonesia Ministry of Finance regulation no. 158/PMK.04/2017

To facilitate reporting to the Indonesian Customs, the following details need to be included in cargo manifests for shipments to or from Indonesia:

  1. Consignee’s or importer’s Tax ID
  2. Cargo Harmonized System (HS) code

Other important regulations to take note of:

  • Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 17 Tahun 2006
  • Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 28 Tahun 2008
  • Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 39 Tahun 2019

“Any delays might incur significant penalties for the manifest, which is pegged at a minimum US$700 (€641) per document,” explained Lim.

“To avoid these additional costs, it is best for the contracted carriers or the Non-Vessel Owning Common Carrier (NVOCC) to log in to the online customs portal to obtain their manifest before their cargo arrives.”

For shipments with a longer lead time or special import requirements such as those for trade fairs and exhibitions, or temporary imports, importers need to plan the shipping schedule and obtain the necessary permits beforehand to avoid delays to the target delivery date.

5. Ensure all licenses and permits tally with the goods received

All import documents must tally with all import licenses, import tax ID, as well as the permits.

The failure to meet this requirement would likely result in penalties, amendments and, worse still, the possible detainment of cargo.

6. Clarify incoterms to determine buyer-seller responsibilities and calculate duties and taxes

Incoterms — industry-standard rules which define buyer-seller responsibilities for the delivery of goods under sales contracts — are generally used to justify the costs and risks responsibilities of transportation.

Besides that, in the importer declaration, duties and taxes are also calculated depending on the incoterms stated in the documentation.

7. Appoint a fully-compliant logistics partner

Last but not least, appoint a fully-compliant logistics partner to optimize and manage your supply chain with efficiencies in cost- and time-savings.

 

Contact our DHL Global Forwarding customs brokerage team to facilitate your imports into Indonesia today.

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Japan

This year, the government has signed trade pacts with major world economies resulting in reduced tariffs and duties on many goods. Both importers and exporters have to undergo tighter food safety regulations especially for beef products, and increased inspection checks to curb the smuggling of ivory and gold.

Japan Customs

E-mail list: http://www.customs.go.jp/question_e.htm

Malaysia

The government has gazetted a round of amendments to its Customs Act in July affecting duties and provisions, customs definitions, goods in transit and transshipment, licensed warehousing, and claims deadline. The nation also imposed stricter regulations on its exports, including a ban of sea sand and updated its guidelines on the illegal logging and timber trade.

Royal Malaysian Customs Department

Tel: 1300 888 500 (Customs Call Centre)

E-mail: ccc@customs.gov.my

Mongolia

Trade facilities at Zamiin-Uud and Gashuunsukhait ports are undergoing significant renovations to expand foreign freight volume capacity as part of the China Belt and Road Initiative. The proposed changes will seek to augment economic, regional logistics development and enhance customs clearance.

Mongolian Customs General Administration

Tel: +976-11-350064

E-mail: icd@customs.gov.mn

Myanmar

Myanmar is reviewing and adjusting tariffs and duties on several imported and exported commodities such as rice, alcohol, and raw materials to increase trade with global economies. The government is also implementing local customs warehousing procedures to keep aligned with global standards such as the introduction of customs warehouses, or bonded warehouses, where goods can be stored without import duties within the country.

Myanmar Customs

Tel: +951 391442

E-mail: mcd.ygn@mptmail.net.mm

New Zealand

The government has made changes to its electronic platform Trade Single Window system for commercial importers and exporters, their agents, freight forwarders, shipping lines, and airlines. New measures such as cargo reporting, clearance messages, acceptance of electronic orders for customs clearance have been updated. An intention to review current customs fees for imported and exported goods has been announced to reflect the actual costs incurred.

New Zealand Customs Service

Tel: +64 9 927 8036

E-mail: communications@customs.govt.nz

Pakistan

Tighter measures and monitoring have been put in place at ports and customs checkpoints to improve shipping security and prevent smuggling, under-invoicing, and the abuse of transit trade services. Terminal operators and off-dock terminals now have to ensure that no import container could proceed to the gate-out clearance stage unless its weight is duly recorded.

Federal Board of Revenue

Tel: +92 51 111 772 772

E-mail: helpline@fbr.gov.pk

Papua New Guinea

Custom Service will implement a new cargo management and clearance system at the Wutung Land Border port opening this year-end. Dubbed the “Supermarket Approach,” this system will facilitate compliance, customs accounting, and the flow of goods. A new policy that includes slight changes to the tariff classification system and GST taxation will be rolled out with this approach.

Papua New Guinea Customs Service

Tel: 312 7500

E-mail: info@customs.gov.pg

Philippines

The Philippines is stepping up measures to curb illegal smuggling of various commodities from sugar, drugs, and counterfeit goods like medicine and cigarettes. One such initiative is the Fuel Marking Program, which places a molecular marker on imported, manufactured, and refined fuel products, namely; gasoline, diesel, and kerosene, to ensure all oil companies comply and pay the correct taxes.

Bureau of Customs

Tel: +632 7056000
(Globe) 0905-299-7977
(Smart) 0929-503-5138

E-mail: boc.cares@customs.gov.ph

Singapore

In 2018, Singapore customs have launched a networked trade platform to streamline processes for traders, logistics service providers, carriers, and banks to perform a range of activities such as cargo freight booking, trade financing, cargo insurance, customs declarations, and payment reconciliation. On a micro-level, the authorities have also been engaging with individual countries to provide customized solutions for their evolving shipping needs.

Singapore Customs

Tel: +65 6355 2000

E-mail: https://www.customs.gov.sg/feedback

South Korea

The government is turning to innovation such as blockchain, artificial intelligence (AI), and drone technology to facilitate ease of customs clearance and foster a safer trade environment. One such implementation is UNI-PASS, an e-customs clearance system developed to improve the cross-border distribution of cargo between administrative and government platforms. Other ongoing projects include piloting AI-based X-ray reading system and big data analysis system to promote transparency of trade procedures.

Korea Customs Service

Tel: 82-2-3438-5199

Sri Lanka

To ease out bottleneck customs clearance procedures, Sri Lanka has made it mandatory by the end of 2019 for importers and exporters to make payment and submit forms and supporting documents with e-signatures digitally. The government is also up-scaling its maritime centers to become a full-fledge global logistics center with a range of shipping services and regulatory reforms to come.

Sri Lanka Customs

Tel: +94 11 222 1333

E-mail: info@customs.gov.lk

Taiwan

The Taiwanese customs have stepped up efforts to strengthen trade and security through a series of measures pertaining to the e-commerce industry and for goods on transit and transshipment. Import requirements for various goods such as plastic, metal, and medical products have also been reviewed to prevent illegal entry, storage, and false customs declaration.

Customs Administration, Ministry of Finance

Tel: 886-2-2550-5500 ext.2116

Thailand

The Thai customs are currently implementing a series of services to facilitate trade movement and management of goods on land and sea. The improvements include the use of blockchain technology for its national trade platform, re-assessing the Customs Act, extending the Pre-Arrival Processing (PAP) service to shippers, and launching an e-coastal platform for trading vessels and port operators.

Thai Customs

Tel: +66-2667-7000

E-mail: prcustoms@gmail.com

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To understand how to import goods into Thailand, refer to this step-by-step guide.

Thailand, a traditionally export-heavy economy, shipped US$249.8 billion (€222.4 billion) worth of exports in 2018. The country’s long-running status as a major manufacturing hub depends largely on the steady flow of imports such as crude oil, machinery and parts, chemicals, and metals among others.

To encourage seamless, efficient trade, the Thai Customs introduced Pre-Arrival Processing (PAP), an e-bill payment and e-customs clearance system, which bumped the country’s ranking up by six places in the Ease of Doing Business index for 2020.

One of the most common challenges that companies face on customs brokerage is the lack of understanding on the import licenses needed for their goods and available tax exemptions, shared Wimolrat Paisakdaskul, Head of Customs at DHL Global Forwarding Thailand.

For businesses keen to import into Thailand, here’s how to get started:

1. Register with the Thai customs directly online or engage a freight forwarder

The importer has to possess a digital certificate first. The digital certificate is an electronic signature issued by the Thailand National Root Certificate Authority (Thai NRCA) that confirms the identity of a legal entity sending electronic documents in Thailand .

With this digital certificate, the importer or the contracted freight forwarder will have to register with the Thai Customs to gain access to its online services such as e-tracking to monitor the status of customs clearance, issuing of licenses, and e-payment of duties and taxes.

Once your registration has been approved, a user ID will be issued for logging in to the system.

2. Check on import permit requirements and classification of goods

Certain types of goods require specific import permits that should be issued by different government agencies before the goods arrive. Examples include raw materials, petroleum, textiles, pharmaceuticals and agricultural products.

Knowing the exact HS Code for the imported goods is also necessary as the code allows customs authorities to immediately evaluate the tariffs and duties, if any, to apply based on the criteria.

As part of the review process, the importer or freight forwarder must also determine if the goods are classified as low-risk goods, or high-risk goods that require more certification such as food, drinks and plants.

3. Prepare and submit mandatory documents

After ascertaining the nature of licenses or permits required for the imported goods, the next step is getting the necessary documentation to facilitate a smooth import process.

The common mandatory documents for customs clearance include the bill of lading, invoice, packing list, import license (if required), certificates of origin, and other relevant documents such as the list of ingredients or technical standards certificates.

4. Calculation and payment of all duties and taxes applicable

In the calculation of the duties and taxes for imported goods, it is the responsibility of the freight forwarder to explore existing opportunities that could potentially reduce tariff costs.

“For instance, establishing a link between imported materials and exported goods will allow the freight forwarder to control and process a refund of import duties when the goods — produced using the imported materials — are subsequently exported,” said Sangngern Chongvivatthanatham, Head of Ocean Freight and Customs, DHL Global Forwarding Thailand.

Another opportunity would be to tap on Thailand’s close trade relationships with other governments. “Under Thailand’s existing bilateral and multilateral Free Trade Agreements, certain categories of goods are listed as exempt from tariffs, or are pegged at reduced tariff rates,” shared Paisakdaskul.

After reviewing the available information on duty privileges or agreements with the respective countries of origin, payment can be made electronically via the e-Payment section of the e-Customs site or at the Customs Department at the port of entry.

5. Inspection of goods by the customs department

For low-risk goods, only a quick screening process is required before the goods can be released.

A detailed physical inspection by customs officials is required for the higher-risk goods, together with the supporting documentation, before the goods can be successfully cleared for import.

6. Appoint a fully-compliant logistics partner

Last but not least, appoint a fully-compliant logistics partner to optimize and manage your supply chain with efficiencies in cost- and time-savings. The logistics partner will be able to advise you on customs brokerage matters for your imports and exports.

 

To find out more on how to import into Thailand, please contact our DHL Global Forwarding customs brokerage team.

[post_title] => A step-by-step guide for importing into Thailand [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => a-step-by-step-guide-for-importing-into-thailand [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2022-09-27 23:49:47 [post_modified_gmt] => 2022-09-27 15:49:47 [post_content_filtered] =>

Thailand, a traditionally export-heavy economy, shipped US$249.8 billion (€222.4 billion) worth of exports in 2018. The country’s long-running status as a major manufacturing hub depends largely on the steady flow of imports such as crude oil, machinery and parts, chemicals, and metals among others.

To encourage seamless, efficient trade, the Thai Customs introduced Pre-Arrival Processing (PAP), an e-bill payment and e-customs clearance system, which bumped the country’s ranking up by six places in the Ease of Doing Business index for 2020.

One of the most common challenges that companies face on customs brokerage is the lack of understanding on the import licenses needed for their goods and available tax exemptions, shared Wimolrat Paisakdaskul, Head of Customs at DHL Global Forwarding Thailand.

For businesses keen to import into Thailand, here’s how to get started:

1. Register with the Thai customs directly online or engage a freight forwarder

The importer has to possess a digital certificate first. The digital certificate is an electronic signature issued by the Thailand National Root Certificate Authority (Thai NRCA) that confirms the identity of a legal entity sending electronic documents in Thailand .

With this digital certificate, the importer or the contracted freight forwarder will have to register with the Thai Customs to gain access to its online services such as e-tracking to monitor the status of customs clearance, issuing of licenses, and e-payment of duties and taxes.

Once your registration has been approved, a user ID will be issued for logging in to the system.

2. Check on import permit requirements and classification of goods

Certain types of goods require specific import permits that should be issued by different government agencies before the goods arrive. Examples include raw materials, petroleum, textiles, pharmaceuticals and agricultural products.

Knowing the exact HS Code for the imported goods is also necessary as the code allows customs authorities to immediately evaluate the tariffs and duties, if any, to apply based on the criteria.

As part of the review process, the importer or freight forwarder must also determine if the goods are classified as low-risk goods, or high-risk goods that require more certification such as food, drinks and plants.

3. Prepare and submit mandatory documents

After ascertaining the nature of licenses or permits required for the imported goods, the next step is getting the necessary documentation to facilitate a smooth import process.

The common mandatory documents for customs clearance include the bill of lading, invoice, packing list, import license (if required), certificates of origin, and other relevant documents such as the list of ingredients or technical standards certificates.

4. Calculation and payment of all duties and taxes applicable

In the calculation of the duties and taxes for imported goods, it is the responsibility of the freight forwarder to explore existing opportunities that could potentially reduce tariff costs.

“For instance, establishing a link between imported materials and exported goods will allow the freight forwarder to control and process a refund of import duties when the goods — produced using the imported materials — are subsequently exported,” said Sangngern Chongvivatthanatham, Head of Ocean Freight and Customs, DHL Global Forwarding Thailand.

Another opportunity would be to tap on Thailand’s close trade relationships with other governments. “Under Thailand’s existing bilateral and multilateral Free Trade Agreements, certain categories of goods are listed as exempt from tariffs, or are pegged at reduced tariff rates,” shared Paisakdaskul.

After reviewing the available information on duty privileges or agreements with the respective countries of origin, payment can be made electronically via the e-Payment section of the e-Customs site or at the Customs Department at the port of entry.

5. Inspection of goods by the customs department

For low-risk goods, only a quick screening process is required before the goods can be released.

A detailed physical inspection by customs officials is required for the higher-risk goods, together with the supporting documentation, before the goods can be successfully cleared for import.

6. Appoint a fully-compliant logistics partner

Last but not least, appoint a fully-compliant logistics partner to optimize and manage your supply chain with efficiencies in cost- and time-savings. The logistics partner will be able to advise you on customs brokerage matters for your imports and exports.

 

To find out more on how to import into Thailand, please contact our DHL Global Forwarding customs brokerage team.

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Vietnam

The government has plans in the pipeline to re-assess its tax regulations, review its valuation on certain goods, digitalize its customs clearance, and tighten the fraud and security checks in its trade and customs procedures. Businesses who wish to cut compliance costs are now able to apply for priority customs treatment to receive benefits such as the exemption of physical goods inspection, an extended document submission deadline, and faster access to carry out tax formalities.

General Department of Vietnam Customs

Tel: +8424 39440833 (ext: 8613)

E-mail: webmaster@customs.gov.vn

 

To find out more, or for assistance on importing into Asia, please contact our DHL Global Forwarding customs brokerage team.

 

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